Basal Cell Carcinoma
By Dra Teresa Moreno
BASAL CELL CARCINOMA
(metastasizes) to other
organs in the body, it can cause destruction of surrounding tissues, so early detection and treatment are necessary.
Most basal cell carcinomas are caused by chronic sun exposure, especially in people with fair skin, light hair, and blue, green, or gray eyes. In some cases, there are other contributing factors, such as burns, radiation exposure, arsenic poisoning, or chronic dermatitis.
Basal cell carcinoma can have several different appearances on the skin. Some warning signs that may indicate basal cell carcinoma are an open sore, a reddish spot, a growth with a raised edge and a central indentation, a bump or nodule, and a scar-like area.
HOW CAN WE PROTECT OURSELVES?
Since chronic overexposure to sunlight is the leading cause of basal cell carcinoma, avoiding the sun, especially during the peak sun hours of 10 am to 4 pm, is an important preventative measure to reduce the risk of developing this condition. Skin cancer. Limit skin exposure to the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays by wearing wide-brimmed hats and tightly woven protective clothing.
Also, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, with an SPF of 15 or higher, on all exposed skin, including lips, even on cloudy days. Reapply sunscreen frequently. Also, avoid tanning salons and indoor tanning devices.
After a dermatopathologist examines biopsied sections of your skin tissue under a microscope and determines that the lesion is basal cell carcinoma, he or she will discuss various treatment options with you. Your dermatologist’s choice of therapy depends on the size, location, and subtype of the basal cell carcinoma. Your age and general state of health will also be taken into account. The most common treatment options include excisional surgery, electrosurgery, radiation therapy, and Mohs micrographic surgery. Your dermatologist will discuss these treatment options with you.
BECOME A DISCOVERER!
Because you or someone you know or love has been diagnosed with skin cancer. Because 1 in 5 people will be diagnosed with a form of skin cancer each year. Because early detection of skin cancer can dramatically increase treatment success and a patient’s recovery. Because this year, more people will be diagnosed with skin cancer than any other form of cancer. We’ve been told it’s not polite to point fingers at people, but when you point out a suspicious stain, you could be saving a life. As you become better informed about skin cancer prevention and monthly inspection techniques, you have the opportunity to become a discoverer. With the information you have been given, you can arm yourself with valuable knowledge on how to spot skin changes that could be a risk to your health or the health of others. Use this knowledge by examining your skin every month to identify potential problem spots before more develop. Talk openly with friends and family members about areas of skin that you think are suspicious.
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